Oral thrush

Immune deficiencies (HIV, Chemotherapy/Cancer Patients):  Deficiencies in the immune system that result from chemotherapy, radiation treatments or HIV infection can dramatically change the balance of the protective mechanisms in the body that would otherwise fight off an oral thrush infection. An individual’s ability to fight infection determines the severity of oral thrush and the fungal infection overall. Individuals with HIV are prone to severe forms of thrush in their mouth or esophagus, as well as spread of the infection to the intestines. Prolonged antifungal treatment may be necessary for individuals with severe infections and/or those who are immunocompromised.

Thrush usually develops suddenly, but it may become chronic, persisting over a long period of time. A common sign of thrush is the presence of creamy white, slightly raised lesions in your mouth - usually on your tongue or inner cheeks - but also sometimes on the roof of your mouth, gums, tonsils or back of your throat. The lesions, which may have a ‘cottage cheese’ appearance, can be painful and may bleed slightly when you scrape them or brush your teeth . In severe cases, the lesions may spread into your oesophagus (gullet) causing:

One of the best applications of clove oil is the ability to fight against oral thrush. A research was conducted to see how this oil fared against other antiviral and antifungal treatments. And the results show that clove oil was as an effective method as nystatin, which is a drug commonly prescribed to treat oral thrush. Another research conducted in 2005 also showed that clove oil has strong antifungal activity against fungal pathogens like oral thrush. Mix 2-3 drops of clove oil and 1 tbsp of coconut oil and then swish it in the mouth for at least 20 minutes. Then split it out and finally brush your teeth. Alternatively, you mix several drops of clove oil with boiling water to make a solution. Drink it to wash your mouth.

The “human immunodeficiency virus” or HIV which causes AIDS – can damage or destroy cells of the immune system which makes an individual vulnerable to infections which are opportunistic and which the body could typically defend against. Bouts which are repeated can be the initial symptom of an HIV infection. Cancer When the individual is battling cancer, the system of immunity is normally damaged from both the disease as well as from treatments for instances chemotherapy, or radiation, increasing the risk of yeast infections such as oral thrush.

About 35-50% of humans possess C. albicans as part of their normal oral microbiota . [5] With more sensitive detection techniques, this figure is reported to rise to 90%. [6] This candidal carrier state is not considered a disease, since there are no lesions or symptoms of any kind. Oral carriage of Candida is pre-requisite for the development of oral candidiasis. For Candida species to colonize and survive as a normal component of the oral microbiota, the organisms must be capable of adhering to the epithelial surface of the mucous membrane lining the mouth. [19] This adhesion involves adhesins (., hyphal wall protein 1 ), and extracellular polymeric materials (., mannoprotein). [13] Therefore, strains of Candida with more adhesion capability have more pathogenic potential than other strains. [6] The prevalence of Candida carriage varies with geographic location, [6] and many other factors. Higher carriage is reported during the summer months, [6] in females, [6] in hospitalized individuals, [6] in persons with blood group O and in non-secretors of blood group antigens in saliva. [6] Increased rates of Candida carriage are also found in people who eat a diet high in carbohydrates, people who wear dentures, people with xerostomia (dry mouth), in people taking broad spectrum antibiotics, smokers, and in immunocompromised individuals (., due to HIV/AIDS, diabetes, cancer, Down syndrome or malnutrition ). [13] Age also influences oral carriage, with the lowest levels occurring in newborns, increasing dramatically in infants, and then decreasing again in adults. Investigations have quantified oral carriage of Candida albicans at 300-500 colony forming units in healthy persons. [20] More Candida is detected in the early morning and the late afternoon. The greatest quantity of Candida species are harbored on the posterior dorsal tongue, [13] followed by the palatal and the buccal mucosae. [20] Mucosa covered by an oral appliance such as a denture harbors significantly more candida species than uncovered mucosa. [20]

Oral thrush

oral thrush

The “human immunodeficiency virus” or HIV which causes AIDS – can damage or destroy cells of the immune system which makes an individual vulnerable to infections which are opportunistic and which the body could typically defend against. Bouts which are repeated can be the initial symptom of an HIV infection. Cancer When the individual is battling cancer, the system of immunity is normally damaged from both the disease as well as from treatments for instances chemotherapy, or radiation, increasing the risk of yeast infections such as oral thrush.

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