The German language through the OHG period was still predominantly a spoken language, with a wide range of dialects and a much more extensive oral tradition than a written one. Having just emerged from the High German consonant shift, OHG was also a relatively new and volatile language still undergoing a number of phonetic , phonological , morphological , and syntactic changes. The scarcity of written work, instability of the language, and widespread illiteracy of the time thus account for the lack of standardization up to the end of the OHG period in 1050.
The History of Cloisonne is a short but interesting one. The technique was developed while working with jewelry in the Near East. There jewelry pieces small; mostly rings and bracelets but due to the popularity of the technique surrounding cultures adopted the process. This is why Cloisonne stands for not only the process of embellishing the product, but also the object itself. The earliest recognition of this art form was found in the Yuan Dynasty that reigned from 1271 and 1368. It was only during the XuanDe period, in 1426, when the product became popular amongst other cultures.