In 2005 Electricite de France and Italy's Enel signed a co-operation agreement which gives Enel some 200 MWe from the new Flamanville 3 EPR nuclear reactor (1700 MWe) in France, and potentially another 1000 MWe or so from the next five such units built. As well as the % share, Italy's electric utility Enel would also be involved in design, construction and operation of the plants, which would enhance Italy's power security and improve its economics. Enel subsequently announced it was taking a % share in the second EPR to be constructed in France, at Penly.
A modest level of production is from Dalur in the Trans-Ural Kurgan region. This is a low-cost ($40/kg) acid in situ leach (ISL) operation in sandstones. Uksyanskoye is the town supporting the Dalur mine. ARMZ’s 2008 plan had production at Dalur by acid ISL increasing from 350 to 800 tU/yr by 2019 (expanding from the Dalmatovskoye field in the Zauralsk uranium district to Khokhlovskoye in the Shumikhinsky district, then Dobrovolnoye in the Zverinogolovsky district). In 2014 JSC Dalur completed further exploration of the Khokhlovskoye deposit and increased its resources from 4700 to 5500 tonnes. Production from it is planned to increase from 50 tU in 2015 to 200 t/yr by 2019. A mill upgrade was started in 2016. More than half of 2016 production was from the Ust-Uksyansky part of Dalmatovskoye field.
The world's top uranium producers are Canada (28% of world production) and Australia (23%). Other major producers include Kazakhstan , Russia, Namibia and Niger .  In 1996, the world produced 39 kilotonnes (86 × 10 ^ 6 lb) of uranium.  In 2005, the world produced a peak of 41,720 tonnes (92 × 10 ^ 6 lb) of uranium,  although the production continues not to meet demand. Only 62% of the requirements of power utilities are supplied by mines. The balance comes from inventories held by utilities and other fuel cycle companies, inventories held by governments, used reactor fuel that has been reprocessed, recycled materials from military nuclear programs and uranium in depleted uranium stockpiles.  The plutonium from dismantled Cold War nuclear weapon stockpiles will be exhausted by 2013. The industry is trying to find and develop new uranium mines, mainly in Canada, Australia and Kazakhstan. Those under development in 2006 would fill half the gap.