"But science has proved the earth is old," they still insist, "and we dare not alienate the academic community by insisting on a literal Genesis." No, "science" has not proved the earth is old! The oldest written records we have, apart from the Bible, are in Egypt and Sumeria, and these only go back a few thousand years. The great fossil "record," instead of displaying vast ages of evolution, really shows the remains of a worldwide hydraulic cataclysm. Nowhere in the fossil record are there any genuine evolutionary transitional forms between kinds, and certainly no one has ever observed true evolution taking place in all recorded history. Furthermore, many geologists now recognize that all formations were laid down very rapidly. Uniformitarian speculation applied to a few radiometric decay systems may suggest great ages, but other more reasonable assumptions applied to scores of other global processes indicate much younger ages. 2
In the late 20th century and early 21st, the scientific communities found that the communicative value of journal articles was still much less than it could be if best practices were developed, promoted, and enforced. Thus reporting guidelines (guidelines for how best to report information) arose. The general theme has been to create templates and checklists with the message to the user being, "your article is not complete until you have done all of these things." In the 1970s, the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) released the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (Uniform Requirements or URM). Other such standards , mostly developed in the 1990s through 2010s, are listed below. The advent of a need for best practices in data sharing has expanded the scope of these efforts beyond merely the pages of the journal article itself.
In my field of quantum matter, one thing that has me so excited is how much it has changed in the last five years. Measurements that were not even possible are there now. … Some of those are there because of the great leaps forward in materials growth. The quality of these materials being made, even those quantum matter single crystals are astounding, and then couple that with the computation techniques. And I find at least in my field, this is really an exciting time to be doing this work, and what I’m hearing from people in other fields, they’re feeling the same way.